Five buildings that have changed the face of England

England’s architecture often reflects the country’s long and complex history. From ancient Druidic remnants such as Stonehenge to modern-day wonders like the Gherkin, architectural styles in England have also included Roman, Gothic, Georgian, and Victorian influences.

The head of English Heritage, Dr Simon Thurley, has compiled a list of buildings that have had a significant impact on shaping the country we know today, with the following being just five of them:

Rievaulx Abbey

The former Cistercian abbey, which was founded in 1132, is located near Helmsley in the North Yorkshire Moors National Park. The structures that were first constructed at Rievaulx were wooden, but in the late 1130s stone buildings began to be built around what is the present cloister. Part of the west range and fragments of the southern structures still exist today.

The Peckwater Quadrangle

The Peckwater Quadrangle forms part of the constituent college of the University of Oxford, Christ Church. The courtyard was built under the instruction of Dean Aldrich in the early 18th Century, and is an early example of the fashionable trend to design buildings according to precise ancient orders. Christ Church’s library can be found on the south side of the quad and Canterbury Quadrangle is to the southeast.

A&G Murray Mills

Murrays’ Mills in the district of Ancoats, Manchester, are former cotton mills that were built between 1797 and 1804. The Murray brothers were cotton spinners and machine makers, with their mills being the first where steam powered all of the manufacturing processes. Originally, the complex consisted of six buildings surrounding an open quadrangle. Permanent repairs were completed on the mills in 2006 by heritage organisations and Manchester City Council.

Liverpool Road Railway Station

Liverpool Road station in Manchester is the oldest surviving terminal station in the world. The building was opened in 1830, with it being the northern city’s terminus of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. The modest station was designed using styles that intended to reassure people of the transport medium’s safety. A curved brick viaduct was constructed that fronted a brick warehouse, which beyond that the low-level yard lay.

Bedford Park

Bedford Park, a suburban development in west London, was developed by Jonathan Carr in the 19th Century. The suburb consists of semi-detached and detached houses within wide streets with big gardens. Bedford Park was even described by Sir John Betjeman as:

“…the most significant suburb built in the last century, probably in the western world.”

From the later part of the 19th Century, suburbs were designed all over the country in the same style as Bedford Park.

Posted by Matt Hughes
April 2, 2015

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